Other forms of diabetes
There are other forms of diabetes which cannot be easily categorised as type 1 or type 2 diabetes. These include:
Gestational diabetes/ Diabetes of pregnancy
Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes which occurs in the context of pregnancy, and resolves after delivery of the baby. It occurs due to changes in metabolism, with increased insulin resistance, as result of pregnancy.
Routine screening for diabetes in pregnancy occurs in every pregnancy at around 24-28 weeks of gestation. There are strict criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy, which differ considerably from standard diagnostic criteria for other forms of diabetes. Tight control of glucose levels in pregnancy is recommended in order to avoid complications during pregnancy and childbirth for the parent and child. Certain forms of injectable insulin therapy are available for the treatment of diabetes in pregnancy.
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